Frost, rainfall and winds are increasingly common, sunshine hours are much reduced and it can be bitter with a risk of snow.
You may not want to be working outside at this time of year, but luckily there's not a lot to do. Keep an eye on winter protection, and if you have a greenhouse, make sure the heater works. It's time to think about pruning apples and pears too. See our video on how to do it to get the best possible harvest.
Top 10 jobs this month
- Check your winter protection structures are still securely in place
- Check that greenhouse heaters are working
- Prevent ponds and stand pipes from freezing
- Prune open-grown apples and pears (but not those trained against walls)
- Prune acers, birches and vines before Christmas to avoid bleeding
- Harvest leeks, parsnips, winter cabbage, sprouts and remaining root crops
- Deciduous trees and shrubs can still be planted and transplanted
- Take hardwood cuttings
- Keep mice away from stored produce
- Reduce watering of houseplants